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Glossary

Glossary
A - C D - G H - M N - Z

Amino Acids are the building blocks of proteins. They are 22 standard amino acids – 9 of these are considered ‘essential’ meaning that our bodies cannot produce them so they must be obtained through the diet

Aminogen® is a natural plant derived digestive enzyme that is known to help boost lean muscle growth by improving amino acid absorption and protein digestion

Antioxidants are substances that help protect cells from the damaging effects of oxidative stress caused by unstable molecules known as free radicals

Beta Alanine is a non-essential amino acid which is known to help increase strength and aerobic endurance and help reduce muscle soreness and stiffness

Biological Value is a value that measures how well the body can absorb and utilise a particular protein

Biotein™ Protein Blends are scientifically engineered protein blends. Biotein™ Protein Blend, Biotein™ Xtreme, Biotein™ Recov and Biotein™ Release are exclusively manufactured by Kinetica with natural proteins that are derived from grass fed hormone free cow’s milk

Branched Chain Amino Acids (BCAAs) consist of three essential amino acids - leucine, isoleucine and valine that make up 1/3rd of muscle protein. These are directly metabolised in the muscle instead of the liver so are the 1st amino acids used to help muscle repair and recovery

Caffeine is a bitter, white crystalline xanthine alkaloid. It is a known stimulant that acts on the central nervous system to help increase alertness and concentration

Cartilage is a flexible connective tissue that covers the ends of your bones at a joint

Chondroitin is a major constituent of cartilage and other connective tissues and is responsible for giving cartilage its elasticity

Citrulline malate is a combination of the amino acid citrulline and the organic salt malate which is known to help reduce muscle fatigue and support aerobic endurance

Coeliacs have a digestive condition where they have an adverse reaction to gluten

Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is a polyunsaturated essential fatty acid found naturally in full fat milk. It is known to stimulate the enzyme lipase (which releases fat from cells) and suppress the hormone lipoprotein lipase (which transports fat into cells) to help reduce body fat while maintaining muscle mass

Creapure®(Creatine Monohydrate) is the premium brand of creatine monohydrate and is 99.99% pure. Creatine is a natural compound produced by the body – (95% is found in your skeletal muscle) and is known to supply energy to the muscle cells. Creatine increases physical performance in successive bursts of short-term, high intensity exercise

DHA (Docosahexaenoic acid) is an omega-3 essential fatty acid

EAA’s (Essential Amino Acids) are made up of nine amino acids that the body cannot manufacture so therefore must be supplied by the diet

Egg Albumin (egg white) is a medium digesting protein which is known to steadily release amino acids into the blood stream

Electrolytes are minerals that carry an electric charge. They affect the amount of water in your body, the acidity of your blood (pH) and muscle function

Enzymes are proteins that act as a catalyst to bring about a specific biochemical reaction and most bodily functions rely on enzymes

EPA (Eicosapentaenoic acid) is an omega-3 essential fatty acid

Free radicals are unstable oxygen molecules that can do damage to your cells, organs and body as a whole. More free radicals can be produced when training

Fructose is a carbohydrate sugar produced from fruit

Gelatine is a mixture of partially hydrolysed peptides and proteins, extracted from animals
Glucosamine is a natural compound known to help build and repair cartilage to support the structure and function of joints

Glucose (dextrose) is a simple sugar

Gluten is a protein complex found in wheat, barley and rye

Glycemic Index (GI) is a measure of the effects that carbohydrates have on your blood glucose levels. High GI means the carbohydrates are more rapidly absorbed and digested compared to low GI which are slowly absorbed and digested

Glycerol is a sugar alcohol used for sweetening and preserving food

Green Lipped Mussel is known to provide a nutritious source of vitamins, minerals, lipids, proteins and omega 3 to help relieve joint pain and swelling

Green Tea Extract is a herbal derivative of green tea leaves that are known to be rich in polyphenols and antioxidants EGCG (Epigallocatechin gallate)

Hydrolysed Whey Protein is a whey protein ingredient where the amino acid peptide bonds are broken down by enzymatic hydrolysis into smaller peptides and molecules (pre-digested) to facilitate rapid absorption and improved insulin response

Lactose is a sugar derived from glucose and galactose naturally found in milk

L Arginine is an amino acid known as a precursor to nitric oxide synthesis which is known to help increase blood flow to help shuttle nutrients to the muscles quicker

L Carnitine L Tartrate is involved in energy and fat metabolism. It may help convert body fat into energy and support reduced muscle soreness and stiffness

L Glutamine is a vital amino acid and one of the most important building blocks in forming the proteins that help maintain cellular health and support tissue repair

L Taurine helps support muscle function

L Tyrosine is an amino acid known to help enhance mental alertness and focus

Magnesium is a mineral that contributes to normal muscle function and the maintenance of normal bones

Maltodextrin is a carbohydrate called an oligosaccharide

Methysulfonylmethane (MSM) is a form of organic sulphur which is known to help alleviate pain and inflammation

MPC (Milk Protein Concentrate) is a slow digesting protein that contains 80% casein and 20% whey

Minerals are a range of inorganic substances that support normal bodily functions

Nitrogen Oxide (NO) is a molecule that our body produces to help cells communicate with each other by transmitting signals throughout the entire body

Omega-3 is a polyunsaturated fatty acid. These fatty acids are fats commonly found in marine and plant oils and support overall health and well being

Organic Coconut Oil is a rich source of medium chain triglycerides (MCTs). MCTs are known to be healthy fats and unlike most other fats which are long chain triglycerides, they are broken down in the stomach and transported directly to the liver where they are shown to metabolise quicker to help increase energy and stamina

Palatinose™ (Isomaltulose) is a tooth friendly, low glycemic carbohydrate that is shown to provide longer lasting energy in the form of glucose

Protein is a macronutrient made up of building blocks called amino acids. It is a major component of muscle and tissue. Protein contributes to the growth and maintenance of muscle mass and the maintenance of normal bones

Tumeric (95% Curcumin) is known to have anti oxidative properties and may help reduce inflammation

Vitamins are organic compounds required by the body to preserve health. Some vitamins contribute to maintain the normal function of the immune system during and after intense physical exercise and contribute to the reduction in tiredness and fatigue

Whey Protein is a high quality, fast digesting protein which is a natural by-product of cheese manufacture and derived from cow’s milk

WPC (Whey Protein Concentrate) is approx. 80% pure protein, manufactured by Ultra – Filtration and contains high levels of amino acids and bioactive compounds

WPI (Whey Protein Isolate) is the purest form of protein and approx. 90% protein, produced by Cross Flow Micro filtration that is virtually lactose and fat free

Zinc is a mineral that contributes to the maintenance of normal bones and normal macronutrient metabolism